France

Welcome to the José Moura Wine List 2024: Selections from France.

If France is the first country you think of when you think of wine, it is for many worthy reasons. Wine was introduced to France in the 6th century BC, with the colonization of Southern Gaul by Greek settlers. Viticulture soon flourished with the founding of the Greek colony of Marseille. Wine has been around for thousands of years in the countries on the Mediterranean but France has made it a part of their civilization and has considered wine-making as an art for over two thousand years. 

Today, the tapestry of regional specialties in France is more vibrant than ever. From the light and fruity Beaujolais to the powerful reds of Bordeaux and the elegant whites of Burgundy, each region boasts unique grape varietals, soil compositions, and production methods that contribute to the distinctive character of its wines. More importantly, growers and bottlers have met the challenges of our changing times, and climate, with innovation, while staying true to age-old traditions. This commitment to quality and terroir continues to cement France’s reputation as a world leader in wine production that never stops offering a diverse and captivating journey for every wine enthusiast.

From the northern reaches of Champagne to Aix-en-Provence, José Moura Selections represents a close and personal relationship with winemakers in the chicest regions of this storied land.

Wine Map of France by Wine Folly

Loire Valley

An arial view of the incredible Chateaux Chambord in the Loire Valley, France (Photo: Armand Billault)



The Loire Valley is often divided into three sections. The Upper Loire includes the Sauvignon blanc dominated areas of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé. The Middle Loire is dominated by more Chenin blanc and Cabernet franc wines found in the regions around Touraine, Saumur, Chinon and Vouvray. The Lower Loire that leads to the mouth of the river’s entrance to the Atlantic goes through the Muscadet region which is dominated by wines of the Melon de Bourgogne grape.

The Loire river has a significant effect on the mesoclimate of the region, adding the necessary extra few degrees of temperature that allows grapes to grow when the areas to the north and south of the Loire Valley have shown to be unfavorable to viticulture.

Our selections from Roche des Lumières represent an exceptional value for this choice region.

Bordeaux

The Cité du Vin is a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows, movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine located in Bordeaux, France. Image via Anwar Nillufary


The wine regions of Bordeaux are a large number of wine growing areas, differing widely in size and sometimes overlapping, centered on the city of Bordeaux and covering the whole area of the Gironde department of Aquitaine in southwest France.

The Bordeaux region is naturally divided by the Gironde Estuary into a Left Bank area which includes the Médoc and Graves and a Right Bank area which includes the Libournais, Bourg and Blaye. The Médoc is itself divided into Haut-Médoc (the upstream or southern portion) and Bas-Médoc (the downstream or northern portion, often referred to simply as “Médoc”).

In the video before our Bordeaux list of wines, renowned wine consultant Eric Boissenot discusses the secret of Bordeaux wines blending.

Provence

A lavender field in Provence, France

The wines of Provence, located in the southeast corner of France, were probably introduced around 600 BC by the Greek Phoceans who founded Marseille and Nice. After the Roman occupation, in 120 BC the Roman Senate forbade the growing of vines and olives in Provence, to protect the profitable trade in exporting Italian wines, but in the late Roman empire retired soldiers from Roman Legions settled in Provence and were allowed to grow grapes.

The grapes of Provence are grown under demanding conditions; hot weather and abundant sunshine (Toulon, near Bandol, has the most sunshine of any city in France) which ripens the grapes quickly; little rain, and the mistral. However, new technologies and methods have improved the quality considerably in the last 50 years. The Cascades Coteaux d’Aix-en-Provence Rosé is one of the brilliant realizations of these efforts.

Champagne

Ville-Dommange, a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France (photo: Matteo Colombo)
Ville-Dommange, a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France (photo: Matteo Colombo)

European Union law and the laws of most countries reserve the term “Champagne” exclusively for wines that come from this northeast region, located about 100 miles (160 km) east of Paris (everything else is sparkling wine). The viticultural boundaries of Champagne are legally defined and split into five wine producing districts within the historical province: Aube, Côte des Blancs, Côte de Sézanne, Montagne de Reims, and Vallée de la Marne. 

The Champagne province is located near the northern limits of the wine world along the 49th parallel. The high altitude and mean annual temperature of 10 °C (50 °F) creates a difficult environment for wine grapes to fully ripen. Ripening is aided by the presence of forests which helps to stabilize temperatures and maintain moisture in the soil. The cool temperatures serve to produce high levels of acidity in the resulting grape which is ideal for sparkling wine. Our Lété-Vautrain selections are exquisite and accessible examples of this famous region.

Rhône Valley

The Isère river running through the city Grenoble, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of southeastern France

The Rhône, in southern France, is generally divided into two sub-regions with distinct vinicultural traditions, the Northern Rhône (referred to in French as Rhône septentrional) and the Southern Rhône (in French Rhône méridional). The northern sub-region produces red wines from the Syrah grape, sometimes blended with white wine grapes, and white wines from Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier grapes. The southern sub-region produces an array of red, white and rosé wines, often blends of several grapes such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

Our Reserve De L’Abbe Côtes Du Rhône and Gigondas Rouge are choice samples of the bold Grenache, Syrah and Mourvedre blend that is the heart and soul of the region’s red wine production.

Alsace

Riquewihr Village, Alsace, France

Wines from the Alsace region in France are primarily white. Because of its Germanic influence, it is the only Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée region in France to produce mostly varietal wines, typically from similar grape varieties to those used in German wine. Along with Austria and Germany, it produces some of the most noted dry Rieslings in the world as well as highly aromatic Gewürztraminer wines. Our Frey-Sohler selections are a testament to this.

Burgundy

The Rock of Solutré (French: Roche de Solutré) is a limestone escarpment 8 km (5.0 mi) west of Mâcon, France, overlooking the commune of Solutré-Pouilly. It is an iconic site in the department of Saône-et-Loire, in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. [Photo: Stephane Godin]


Nestled in eastern France, Burgundy‘s rolling vineyards thrive in a cool climate with distinct seasons. Winters can be crisp, and summers are mild, with warm days balanced by cool nights. This temperature variation contributes to the grapes’ vibrant acidity, a hallmark of Burgundy wines. The soil composition also plays a vital role. Limestone-rich slopes provide excellent drainage and impart minerality to the wines. Here, Pinot Noir reigns supreme for red wines, while Chardonnay dominates white wine production.

Pouilly-Fuissé, an appellation d’origine contrôlée within Burgundy, exemplifies the brilliance of Chardonnay in this region. Grapes grown in the limestone and clay soils of Pouilly-Fuissé produce wines known for their rich mouthfeel, bright citrus notes, and subtle hints of minerality, making them some of the most revered white wines in the world.

Beaujolais

The beautiful Église de Régnié-Durette sits atop a hill overlooking the village of Régnié-Durette in the Beaujolais region of France. The church was built in the 12th century and features a number of interesting architectural features, including a double spire.


Nestled north of Lyon, the Beaujolais wine region basks in a continental climate with warm summers and cool winters. Granite soils with pockets of clay and sand offer excellent drainage for the Gamay grape, the region’s signature varietal. These grapes thrive in the moderate temperatures, ripening to produce wines known for their bright acidity, lively red fruit flavors, and a touch of minerality. 

The Régnié-Durette area, specifically, occupies some of the highest slopes within Beaujolais. Its vineyards benefit from excellent sun exposure and well-drained granitic soils, contributing to wines with a touch more structure and depth compared to other Beaujolais villages. In 1988, The village of Régnié-Durette became the 10th “cru du Beaujolais”. The vineyard spreads over granitic hills at the north of Brouilly mount. The soil is granitic, and the vines are 60 years old, pruned in a goblet shape.